Nature and Scope of Economics

Nature and Scope of Economics

Lots of writers of the early times defined economics as “a science of wealth”. Adam Smith typically know as the father of modern day economics, outlined economics as “An enquiry into the character and results in of wealth of nations.”

These definitions had been defective simply because they gave a lot great importance to wealth. As wealth is not every thing, it only prospects to realize welfare of human. Consequently it is person an which is the aim all of the financial routines.

Professor Dr. Alfred Marshall was the 1st economist who gave a reasonable definition of economics. He outlined economics as: “A examine of mankind in regular business of daily life, it study that aspect of person and social actions which is intently connected with attainment and use of material requisites”


This definition gave a new route to the examine of economics. Pursuing are the vital characteristics of definition.

1. A Social Science

This Definition can make economics a social science. It is a issue that is involved with the folks living in modern society. In accordance to Marshall, as the habits of human beings is not exact all the time hence principles of economics can not be formulated like the legal guidelines of sciences. Further more guidelines of economics are not as actual as the regulations of pure sciences. For this motive it is a social science.

2. Review Of Guy

Economics is connected to man for that reason it is living subject. It discusses financial issues and actions of guy. According to Marshall it scientific studies the conduct of man In common organization of lifestyle.

3. Wealth As A Signifies Of Material Very well Getting

In accordance to Marshall, prosperity is not the greatest goal of human functions and hence we do not analyze wealth, for the sake of wealth. Consequently according to this definition we examine wealth as a supply of attainment of product welfare.

4. Economics And Welfare

This definition helps make economics a welfare oriented topic. We are anxious only with individuals economic routines which do not promote content welfare of human beings are out of the scope of economics.

5. Materiality

Marshal stresses upon the principle of “materials requisite of nicely being”. For that reason in accordance to this definition all financial actions take care of around the acquisition and use of product goods like food, outfits etc. because they boost welfare of human beings. On the other hand non-material requisites of human everyday living like training, recreation are ignored.

6. Normative Outlook

According to this definition economics really should consider care of great and poor aspects of economic pursuits and consequently entail itself in “what really should be and what ought to not be”. This is known as normative facet of economics.


“Robbins and other many economists seriously criticized this definition on adhering to grounds.”

1. Minimal To Materials Welfare

This definition restrictions the subject matter of economics to material welfare of folks. But the subject matter of economics is not limited to the study of material welfare of human beings. In truth both product and non materials aspects of wellbeing are experiments in economics.

2. Imprecise Strategy of Welfare

The notion of welfare utilised in this definition is also not crystal clear. The welfare of human beings is not limited to the attainment of material requisites. There are quite a few other factors which have an affect on the human welfare. More the term “welfare” has distinct which means for different individuals and diverse societies. Therefore we simply cannot outline economics employing an unclear principle of welfare.

3. Limited Scope

This definition has made the scope of economics limited. Only these pursuits are examined in economics which are aimed at the attainment of material requisites of perfectly being. Even further it ignores the financial activities of a particular person not residing in culture. Attainment of non materials requisites of human well staying fall out of the scope of economics. This division of materials and non substance areas of human welfare is not accurate.

4. Economics And Welfare

According to Robbins the analyze of economic activities on the foundation of welfare is not very good. It is not the duty of an economist to pass verdict that what is conducive to welfare and what is not. Thus in accordance to Robbins “Regardless of what Economics is worried with, it is not worried with leads to of substance welfare as such.

5. Moral Judgment

In this definition Marshall helps make economics a issue which considers the correct and incorrect factor of economic pursuits. In accordance to Robbins economics in neutral as regards finishes and it is not the perform of an economist to go ethical judgments and say what is fantastic and what is lousy.

6. Unrealistic

This definition appears to be unrealistic as we review it critically. The unclear strategy of welfare, the division of finishes into substance and non product, the tension on excellent and negative, the principle of man dwelling in modern society and many others. all these concepts put unneeded limitations and make the scope of economics constrained. These ideas make the definition unrealistic.


Even though this definition gave a new course to the topic of economics but it had many weaknesses. Some of the faults of definition are discussed earlier mentioned. For these factors this definition was replaced by other new definitions of economics.